Introduction to objects, subjects and adverbials (objekt, subjekt og  adverbialled)

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  •          Subject (Subjekt)

–          The subject is the word that tells who or what is responsible for the act indicated by the verb.

–          In a sentence, every verb must have a subject. If the verb expresses action—like  jump,  the subject is who or what does the verb.

Take a look at this example;

He eats on the table (Han spiser på bordet).

Eat (spise)  is the action verb and  He (Han) is what does the action .

–          Some verbs are linking: am, is, are, was, were, seem, and become, among others.  Linking verbs connect the subject to something that is said about the subject. Take a look at this example: Gittes car is brand new (Gittes bil er helt ny). Gittes car is the subject. Is (er) connects the subject to something that is said about it, that the car is brand new.

The direct object refers to who or what the subject is doing something to. Direct objects can be nouns , pronouns, phrases, or clauses. For example. He handed me the shirt.

–          Indirect Object (Indirekte objekt)

The indirect object of a sentence is the recipient of the direct object.

For an indirect object to exist, a sentence must first have a direct object.

For example Per gave me the shirt (Per gav mig trøjen).

In this sentence, “Per” is the subject, “me” is the direct object, and “shirt” is the indirect object.

–          Verb linked to the subject’s action (Verballed)

o   Verballedet is the verb that is linked to the subject’s action. It comes immediately after the subject. For example: He gave me the shirt (Han rakte mig trøjen). In this sentence, “He” (han) is the subject, gave (rakte) is the Verballed and “the shirt (trøjen)” is the object.

Verballed can be a composite verb. For example ; Per has handed me the car (Per har rakt mig bilen). In this sentence,  “Has handed” (har rakt) is a  Verballed .

Adverbials (Adverbialled)

–          Adverbials are words (or phrases) that say  something about the time, place, manner, extent, cause.

For example. Per gave me the shirt yesterday (Per gav mig trøjen igår). In this sentence, “yesterday” (igår) is an adverbial.